СОВРЕМЕННЫЕ ТЕНДЕНЦИИ В БАНКОВСКОМ ДЕЛЕ
The most important modern trends of global banking development are consolidation, globalization, information technology and risk management. During the course of study these trends were recognized as major and the most noteworthy. Consolidation is the phenomenon of banks merging to create organizations that are both larger and more streamlined. Globalization follows naturally on from the issue of consolidation. It presupposes creation of banks or banking groups that literally bestride the world or at least aspire to do so. It should again be emphasized, though, as mentioned above, that nobody lives in the country known as ‘global´ - every global bank must, first and foremost, be an expert in all the national markets where it operates. Customers are not interested in its global strengths, but, rather, in its strength in the national market where they run their lives. When one analyses the role of IT in banking, it soon becomes clear that it is a force; that both makes change happen and is a response to change. In many industrial and commercial sectors, technology is only implemented in direct response to customer demand, but the dynamic of the use of technology in the banking industry is subtler than this. Modern economic theory and investment science, such as modern portfolio theory has furnished banks and other types of financial institutions with a wide range of methodologies for assessing and evaluating risk. These are designed to allow banks to assess the risk both of specific areas of their activity and also provide a composite picture of risk throughout their organization.